When you buy through links on our site, we may earn a commission. Advertising Disclosure

Terpenes 101: CBD Oil, the Entourage Effect, and More

Terpenes are found in almost every plant, and give cannabis strains their unique flavor, aroma, and benefits.

If you’ve spent any time reading about CBD oil and cannabis lately, it is likely you’ve seen terpenes mentioned more than once. Until very recently, terpenes weren’t very well understood and took a back seat in the conversation when compared to tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) and cannabidiol (CBD).

As more research comes out surrounding terpenes, more and more attention is being drawn to them and their potential benefits. It is becoming apparent that terpenes are an important factor in understanding how cannabis and CBD oil products can affect and benefit human health.

What Are Terpenes?

Terpenes are organic compounds found in many plants, and are the primary ingredient in natural essential oils. They give plants like cannabis their distinct aromas and flavor profiles, while also providing a variety of unique benefits when consumed.

In the world of cannabis and CBD oil, the terpene profile of any given cannabis plant helps set different strains apart. A cannabis plant's terpene composition has an effect on its purported effects, flavor, and aroma.

Common Terpenes Found in Cannabis and CBD Oil

The more cannabis is studied, the more complex it becomes! In just this one plant, over 100 terpenes have been discovered so far, each adding nuance to the different cannabis strains.

To help simplify product offerings, and offer more user-specific products, efforts have been made to categorize these different terpenes according to the potential benefits they offer. For example, some strains may contain a terpene that has a reputation for eliciting a more relaxing effect, and in turn may be recommended for patients dealing with anxiety.

When it comes to CBD oil, some of the most common terpenes found in the hemp plants from which cannabidiol is extracted are beta-caryophyllene, limonene, pinene, myrcene, and linalool; here’s a table breaking them down.

Name Plant Sources Effects Aroma
Beta-caryophyllene Oregano; leafy greens; cannabis Gasto-protective and anti-inflammatory Pepper and spicy
Limonene Many citrus fruits and cannabis Anti-fungal; anti-bacterial; anti-stress Lemony and citrus
Pinene Pine trees; rosemary; dill; basil; cannabis Effective antiseptic and potential bronchodilator Pine
Myrcene Mango and cannabis Antibiotic; analgesic; anti-mutagenic Citrusy and herbal
Linalool Lavender and cannabis Anti-anxiety; antidepressant; sedating Sugary and floral

Beta-caryophyllene

Beta-caryophyllene is a terpene found in a variety of different plants including oregano, leafy greens, and some strains of cannabis. According to the research, it has potential gastro-protective qualities and may be useful in treating certain ulcers. It has also shown promise as a potential anti-inflammatory agent, due to its ability to bind directly to the CB2 cannabinoid receptors in the human body.

Limonene

Limonene is found in many citrus plants such as lemons, limes, and oranges, but also the cannabis plant. It is what gives these plants and fruits their lemony, citrus scent, and so is found in many household cleaning supplies.

Limonene is thought to be both antifungal and antibacterial in nature, and is believed to be the compound responsible for helping cannabis protect itself against insects.

In studies, limonene was found to offer potential stress-relief to rats after having endured non-pathological stress tests.

Pinene

Pinene is a terpene found in a variety of plants including cannabis, pine trees, rosemary, dill, and basil. The terpene Pinene is further broken down into Alpha and Beta categories, the former giving off an aroma reminiscent of pine needles, while the latter smells like rosemary or parsley.

Pinene has potential applications as a bronchodilator for people dealing with asthma and was found in studies to be an effective antiseptic.

Myrcene

Myrcene is one of the most prominent terpenes found in the cannabis plant. It is a cannabis plant’s myrcene content that determines whether it is categorized as an indica or sativa strain.

Researchers have found myrcene to contain many potential, beneficial properties as an:

Linalool

The terpene linalool is one of the main components that make up the aroma of lavender. It is what potentially gives lavender and CBD and cannabis products their reputation for offering anti-anxiety, antidepressant and sedative effects.

The Entourage Effect

CBD and terpenes work together in a way that is commonly referred to as the “entourage effect.” The entourage effect describes the phenomenon that allows full-spectrum CBD products made from the whole hemp plant to produce greater benefits than products made from just CBD isolate. The theory is that all the hemp plant’s different terpenes and cannabinoids work in tandem to amplify each other’s effects, creating an overall more potent end result.

One example of CBD and terpenes offering possible increased benefits via the entourage effect is in acne treatment. The terpenes linalool and limonene both have acne-fighting antiseptic and anti-inflammatory properties. When these two terpenes are combined with CBD, which is also a powerful anti-inflammatory, they show promise as a potential acne treatment.

CBD oil is reported to offer anti-anxiety effects. If you combine CBD with a relaxing terpene such as myrcene, caryophyllene, or limonene, you may feel stronger benefits than if you’d taken a CBD oil isolate on its own.

As time goes on, and researchers hone in on the terpene and CBD combinations that offer the most potential benefits, one can only imagine the possibilities. Products tailor-made to suit individual patient or customer needs could be right around the corner.

If you found this article interesting, you might also enjoy:

Learn More About CBD

CBD and Parenting

CBD and Parenting

CBD and Parenting: Understanding The Best Options For Your Child Medical Editor: Dr. Rosie Carie CBD (short for cannabidiol) has ...
Learn More
What You Need to Know About CBD & Birth Control

What You Need to Know About CBD & Birth Control

What You Need to Know About CBD & Birth Control Birth control remains one of the greatest biomedical advances in ...
Learn More
and hand with a dab of cbd-based topical cream between their thumb and forefinger

Complete Guide to CBD Topicals

When shopping for CBD, it's essential to find the best product for your needs and your lifestyle. While CBD tinctures ...
Learn More
Neat rows and columns of cbd gummy bears and capsules

CBD Edibles vs. Capsules: Which Is Better?

For people who are considering CBD or have already started trying what is available, one of the most common questions ...
Learn More
Cross-section vector diagram of a mitochondria.

How Does CBD Oil Impact Cellular Function?

CBD oil is well known for its ability to regulate pain and inflammation, making it a valuable tool in the ...
Learn More
Middle-aged doctor shrugging with his palms up & out in a display of cluelessness.

A Mysterious Syndrome: What Is Cannabinoid Hyperemesis Syndrome (CHS)?

Cannabinoid hyperemesis syndrome (CHS) is a true mystery. It can pop up out of nowhere for chronic cannabis users, and ...
Learn More
A person wearing surgical gloves handling a grown marijuana plant

Industrial Hemp vs. High-CBD Marijuana: What It Means for Your CBD

When you first begin researching CBD oil, it can be hard to understand what you are reading. What exactly is ...
Learn More
A woman's silhouette showing her taking in a medicine capsule

Can CBD Oil Help Resolve the Opioid Crisis?

Death by overdose has become the largest killer of Americans under the age of 50, and with opioids responsible for ...
Learn More
White Poster with Caption: "COMPLETE GUIDE TO CANNABINOIDS"

The Complete Guide to Cannabinoids

The most famous cannabinoids are tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) and cannabidiol (CBD). THC is most widely known for its mind-altering, high-inducing properties, ...
Learn More

Your Cart

6 Smart Questions to Ask BEFORE You Buy CBD

Get the Ultimate CBD Buyer’s Guide and you won’t look at CBD the same way again!

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *